Saturday, July 18, 2020

What Does Gender Nonconforming Mean

What Does Gender Nonconforming Mean Relationships LGBTQ Print What Does Gender Nonconforming Mean? By Annabelle Bernard Fournier Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on March 12, 2019 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on January 31, 2020 More in Relationships LGBTQ Spouses & Partners Violence and Abuse In This Article Table of Contents Expand The Problem With Gender Roles Gender Nonconformity Transgender People Cisgender Privilege Non-Binary People Gender Is Fluid View All Back To Top Sex is a group of biological traits linked to reproduction. This is different, however, from gender. Gender is the set of roles, expectations, and scripts (generally called norms) that we ascribe to different sexes. Gender is socially constructedâ€"meaning that gender roles appear when humans live in groupsâ€"and can vary from culture to culture. However, every culture has a concept of gender and gender roles. In North America, we have two genders: men and women. Without thinking too hard, we can think of many sentences that stereotypically describe men and women in our culture: Men are stoic.Men are strong.Men are hard workers.Men are protectors.Women are gentle.Women are passive.Women are emotional.Women are motherly. The idea of gender conformity is based on these norms. This idea contends that people with penises are men and they should be stoic, strong, hard workers, and protectors. By the same logic, people with vaginas are women and they should be gentle, passive, emotional, and motherly. The Problem With Gender Roles Gender roles, despite existing wherever humans live together, can be oppressive and even harmful. A man can have a gentle and motherly character and be unable to express it because it is too feminine. A woman can be athletic and stoic and people will call her a tomboy. Women who dress in a masculine way are often thrown out of womens bathrooms. Men who dress in feminine ways are laughed at, bullied, or worse. When taken to an extreme, upholding gender conformity can cause violence and death. Trans women are assaulted and killed for simply being trans. Gay men and lesbians are also victims of violence because they are not attracted to the gender they are supposed to be attracted to. There are many structures, institutions, and beliefs that try to keep men and women in neat, separate boxes. When someone breaks out of the box, they are met with ridicule, disdain, and violence, with the ultimate goal of forcing them to conform. Gender roles limit what any person can do, and reduce a persons life to what he/she should do. It forces people to perform what is expected of them, rather than live authentically as who they feel they are. Gender Nonconformity Gender nonconformity is simply not conforming to gender roles. In practice, it can mean things as simple as a woman wearing a tie, or something as complex and life-changing as transitioning from one gender to another. There are obvious problems with using nonconformity as a way to describe people who dont follow gender norms. It implies that conformity is a good and desirable thing, rather than something that harms everyone. Most of us have something nonconforming about the way we live and express our gender. Some women dont wear makeup but otherwise dress feminine. Some men prefer to be stay-at-home dads. Living out every gender norm in our culture is an impossible task. However, researchers of gender and gender norms have known for a long time that seeing transgression of gender norms makes people uncomfortable. People who transgress gender norms are also seen as being lower in social status, not being straight, and having values that are radically different from our own. This discomfort comes from an ingrained human need to categorize people. And the most essential category we have for classifying humans is gender: is this person a man or a woman? This categorization allows a lot of other judgments to be made: if this person is dangerous, if this person is a potential mate, what this person possibly does for a living, and more. When we meet someone we cant categorize easily, we generally react with discomfort and confusion. Transgender People An important concern when it comes to gender conformity is how it applies to transgender people. Remember that transgender means identifying with a gender that is different from a persons assigned gender at birth. Transgender women are women who were assigned male at birth, and transgender men are men who were assigned female at birth. People who identify with the gender they were assigned at birth are called cisgender. (Cis means this side and trans means that side or across.) Transgender people are often required to perform their gender to an extreme in order to be accepted. Transgender women, for example, often feel forced to be ultra-feminine in ways that cisgender women dont have to be. Despite the inherent gender nonconformity of being transgender, there is even more pressure on transgender people to perform their gender identity in very visible and obvious waysâ€"this is so they can acceptably join whatever gender identity they align with. To do otherwise means to risk their acceptance as a man or a woman. Cisgender Privilege Looking at gender nonconformity and transgender performance of gender puts cisgender privilege into stark contrast. While transgender people are already at risk of violence simply for being transgender, they are further ostracized and oppressed if they do not perform their gender identity visibly and perfectly. On the other hand, cisgender people are allowed much more leeway in their gender presentation. A cisgender woman who doesnt wear makeup may be judged as unkempt or lacking pride in her appearance, but she is not likely to be called not a real woman. A transgender woman who doesnt wear makeup or wear high heels, however, might face much harsher penalties in society. She might experience anything from misgendering and exclusion to even physical violence. Similarly, a cisgender man who occasionally breaks gender norms is seen as a socially aware person and a positive role model, but a transgender man who wears makeup is sometimes automatically dismissed as fake. Non-Binary People Another issue to address when speaking about gender nonconformity is those who fall under the umbrella of non-binary: agender (who do not identify with any gender), genderfluid (whose gender changes across time), bigender (who have more than one gender) and other-gendered (whose gender is not part of the man/woman categories). Many cultures have some concept of a third gender or of non-binary gender identities. These people often occupy special or sacred roles in their societies. Being gender non-binary does not mean not ever performing gender in typical ways. Many non-binary people have more feminine or masculine presentations, while others prefer a gender-neutral appearance. Appearing feminine or masculine does not, however, cancel out their identity as non-binary. Again, we see cisgenger privilege at playâ€"a cisgender person can make more neutral appearance choices without having their gender identity dismissed, but a non-binary person often faces comments such as If you prefer feminine clothing, why dont you identify as a woman? Gender Is Fluid Gender is flexible and not necessarily related to biology. While the majority of the population has a cisgender identity, there are many who do not. The relaxing of gender roles since the 1960s has allowed a variety of different gender identities to come out. These identities have always existed, but social and cultural conditions often made it dangerous to express. Violence and oppression related to gender nonconformity is the most pressing problem related to this issue. We need to learn that gender is not a prescription for life, but rather a stage where people can experiment and express their authentic self. An Overview of Non-Binary Terms

Thursday, May 21, 2020

Swing States - List and Definition

Swing states are those in which neither major political party holds a lock on the outcome of presidential elections. The term can also be used to describe a state whose electoral votes have a high probability of being the deciding factor in a presidential election. Swing states are also sometimes referred to as battleground states. More than a dozen states are considered swing states, and most of them hold a large number of electoral votes and are considered major prizes in presidential elections. Presidential campaigns focus on these states since the election is decided by electoral votes chosen by the popular vote of each state and not by a direct national popular vote. Safe states, on the other hand, are those where a majority of voters are expected to vote either for the Democratic or Republican candidate, so those electoral votes are considered to be safely on the candidate of that partys tally. List of Swing States The states most often described as being up in the air or ones that could side with either a Republican or Democratic presidential candidate are: Arizona:  11 electoral votes. The state voted for the Republican presidential nominee in 10 of the last 11 elections.Colorado: Nine  electoral votes.  The state voted for the Republican presidential nominee in seven of the last 11 elections.Florida: 29  electoral votes.  The state voted for the Republican presidential nominee in seven of the last 11 elections.Georgia: 16  electoral votes.  The state voted for the Republican presidential nominee in eight  of the last 11 elections.Iowa: Six  electoral votes.  The state voted for the Democratic presidential nominee in six of the last 11 elections.Michigan: 16  electoral votes.  The state voted for the Democratic presidential nominee in six  of the last 11 elections.  Minnesota: 10 electoral votes.  Ã‚  The state voted for the Democratic presidential nominee in each of the last 11 elections.Nevada: Six  electoral votes.  The state voted for the Republican presidential nominee in six of the last 11 electi ons.New Hampshire:  Four electoral votes. The state voted for the Democratic presidential nominee in six of the last 11 elections.North Carolina: 15  electoral votes.  The state voted for the Republican presidential nominee in nine of the last 10 elections.Ohio: 18 electoral votes.  The state voted for the Republican presidential nominee in six of the last 11 elections.Pennsylvania: 20  electoral votes.  The state voted for the Democratic presidential nominee in seven of the last 11 elections.  Virginia: 13 electoral votes.  The state voted for the Republican presidential nominee in eight of the last 11 elections.Wisconsin: 10  electoral votes.  The state voted for the Democratic presidential nominee in eight of the last 11 elections.   Texas is mentioned as a possible swing state in the 2020 presidential election. It voted for the Republican nominee in 10 of the last 11 elections, with Jimmy Carter in 1976 being the last Democrat to win the state. Swing Voters and Their Role States that shift back and forth between candidates of both major political parties in presidential elections could be evenly divided between voters registered Republican and Democratic. Or they could have large numbers of swing voters, those who tend to vote for individual candidates and not the party and have no loyalty to a party. The portion of the American electorate made up of swing voters ranges from about a quarter to a third between presidential elections, according to the Pew Research Center. The number of swing voters declines when an incumbent president is seeking a second term. Different Uses of Swing State The term swing state is used in two different ways. The most popular use of swing state is to describe one in which the popular vote margin in a presidential race is relatively narrow and fluid, meaning that either a Republican or Democrat could win the states electoral votes in any given election cycle. Others define swing states as those that could be the tipping point in a presidential election. For example, Nate Silver, a widely read political journalist writing on The New York Times blog FiveThirtyEight, defined the term swing state this way: When I employ the term, I mean a state that could swing the outcome of the election. That is, if the state changed hands, the victor in the Electoral College would change as well.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Business Premises Of The Company - 1335 Words

Business Premises Calypso Pty Ltd – a manufacturing and distributing company based in Perth Western Australia- has created a new energy drink titled ‘Alive’. The company has outsourced the production of the product to the Coca-Cola Amatil (CCA) in the Coca-Cola Bottlers at 19 Miles Rd, Kewdale Perth Western Australia 6105 (one of the largest bottlers of non-alcoholic ready-to-drink beverages). The business has decided to outsource as it will save Calypso Pty Ltd thousands of dollars, money will be saved on the purchase of machinery, on the training of staff to work, control and monitor the machinery whilst gaining the swiftness and expertise of the Coca-Cola Bottlers employees and on the purchase of a premises/ factory in order to†¦show more content†¦In regards to insurance Calypso Pty Ltd is associated with the Coca-Cola Amatil and therefore their leading property insurer, Vero and each year and provides its clients with detailed risk reports. In the most recent case of the Kewdale plant Coca-Cola Bottlers, Vero provided between 15-20 risk recommendations, which CCA went to great lengths to address as swiftly as possible. Production Process The manufacturing of the ‘Alive’ energy drinks begins with clarifying the water as the quality of water is crucial to the success of an energy drink because impurities, such as suspended particles, organic matter, and bacteria, may ruin the taste and color; this is done through the traditional process of a series of coagulation, filtration, and chlorination. Meanwhile the sugar

The Case of the Lightning Strike Free Essays

In forwarded e-mails across the country are many stories of frivolous lawsuits with huge payouts.   First, there is the story of Kathleen Roberson who won $780,000 after breaking her ankle tripping over her own son in a furniture store.   Carl Truman of Los Angeles won $74,000 when a neighbor reversed over his hand with a Honda Accord. We will write a custom essay sample on The Case of the Lightning Strike or any similar topic only for you Order Now    The court knew that he had sustained this injury in his attempt to steal the hubcaps, yet ruled in his favor anyway.   The case that I am about to present to you is almost as silly as the first two, but the tone of the article is perfectly serious one in a national publication (Reader’s Digest). Van Maussner and three of his friends went golfing at a country club in Atlantic City.   The skies were dark with rain clouds, but the sports enthusiasts would not allow it to put a damper on their time.   After they reached the 12th hole, Maussner was struck by lightning and nearly died of his injuries.   Later, he sued the course for negligence, as they did not have the â€Å"proper safety procedures in place to protect patrons from lighting†(Gerber, 152). He lost at the lower court, but won at the Superior Court who ruled, â€Å"injuries through acts of God don’t exempt courses from liability†(Gerber, 153).   Is it any wonder why frivolous lawsuits flourish when companies are liable for events beyond their control?   Whatever happened to checking the weather report before going out and a little thing called personal responsibility? This paper will examine the case of the plaintiff and isolate the flaws in his argument. First, the article mentions that the men â€Å"prided themselves on hitting the links throughout the year, regardless of the weather†(p. 151).  Ã‚  Ã‚   This point is relevant because it would imply that it did not matter what the weather channel or club personnel warned—they would have gone about their business regardless.   In fact, the club checked the reports before allowing them on the course in the first place since there was no mention of lightning in the forecast. In a similar case (Ned P. Harris v. United States of America) the plaintiff was going rock climbing when he was struck by lightning.   When it came to court, the judge dismissed the case because, â€Å"He saw no power in the plaintiff’s argument that the National Park Service was to blame for his current situation†(Percelay, 68). The second argument the plaintiff made was that there was no system in place to protect players from inclement weather.   In fact, the club had an evacuation process for more than 40 years: at the first sign of bad weather, employees would cart around the golf course and warn players off.   In fact, two caddies tried to get the group to seek shelter, â€Å"but the men decided against it†(Gerber, 152). Third, it was further argued that â€Å"the country club did not have signs posted about its evacuation plan, nor did it begin telling players to seek shelter at neighboring houses until after his accident.   If the club had proper precautions in place, he would not have suffered the injuries†(Gerber, 153).   Under U.S. Law, if a corporation has an evacuation procedure in place but does not utilize it correctly, it may be held liable. Under scrutiny was â€Å"whether the club [promoted safety] in the way it posted evacuation notices and monitored dangerous conditions, and if it should have built shelters and provided and audible signal†(Gerber, 153).   Would such a system truly prevent lighting strikes in the future?   History has shown a large number of people knowingly venture out in spite of unfavorable weather conditions, i.e. storm trackers, scientists, the curious, and the careless.   Anyone that exposes themselves willingly to extreme weather takes his own life in his hands. In sum, the article tried to achieve balance by including both sides of the story.   However, in creating sympathy for Maussner by implying the negligence of the country club, Gerber tacitly encourages the abdication of personal responsibility for universal liability if it includes the possibility of safety for everyone.   Also, frivolous lawsuits give rise to more frivolous lawsuits. Five years ago, (9 years after Maussner’s case was settled) obese teenagers sued McDonald’s for making them fat. â€Å"McDonald’s is responsible for their obesity because it did not provide the necessary information about the health risks associated with its meals†(Santora).   This was the first case of its kind heard in court.   In order for society to get back on track, people need to assume responsibility for their own choices and accept the consequences, whatever they may be. Works Cited Gerber, Robin. â€Å"You Be the Judge: When lightning strikes a golfer, is the country club at fault?† Reader’s Digest. August 2007, pp. 151-153 Percelay, James. Whiplash!: America’s Most Frivolous Lawsuits. Riverside, NJ: Andrews McMeel Publishing Santora, Marc. â€Å"Teenagers’ Suit Says McDonald’s Made Them Obese.† The New York Times. 21 Nov. 2002 Accessed 20 Aug. 2007 at http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?sec=health;res=9A0DE7DC1439F932A15752C1A9649C8B63 ; How to cite The Case of the Lightning Strike, Essay examples

Saturday, April 25, 2020

Taking Risks Essay Example For Students

Taking Risks Essay There are numerous of different risks people are faced with throughout their life. In some cases risks are what help define who we are, or are simply just obstacles that conquer us or we conquer. There is a reason why some of the worlds most accomplished individuals are those who have suffered greatly and risked much to achieve their greatness. Manny Pacquiao views his talent in boxing as a gift that pushed him to strive and take risks . He started with nothing however, became a national treasure and of the millionaires around the world. We are afraid to take risks because of the struggles that comes with it but the adversity in life is what shapes to better ourselves and those around us. In both Breaking through- Uncertainty- Welcoming Adversity by Jim McCormick and Neighbors both propose that there is benefit in taking risks. In the story of Neighbors Lien Chao demonstrates the beneficial impact that taking risks can have on others. We will write a custom essay on Taking Risks specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now Additionally, while McCormick presents the benefits he received by willingly participating in a risky sport that nearly killed him, Chao presents a more relatable story of an immigrant, single-mother who takes risk to better her condition in life. Though the life experiences of the authors are different, they both have a valuable advice about the benefits derived from risk taking. Both articles suggest that the first step in risk-raking is to overcome our insecurities and to recognize our problems in order for it to be solved. When McCormicks parachute was tangled beyond his ability for it to fix it, he says it was hard for me to believe I had really encountered a problem I could not solve but he had acknowledge his inability to solve the problem. In Sallys situation she accepts the invitation to go watch fireworks with strangers, because she wants to buy a vacuum cleaner and she needs advice She knows the only way to solve her problems is to ask help from strangers who know the stores and understand their pricing. The rewards of admitting they needed help were immediate: Jim deploys his reserve parachute and survives, while Sally learns what refurbishing means, met new friends and is given a free vacuum. The parallelism for both article also teach us that when we take risks it is important to trust ourselves and our experiences. McCormick acknowledges that his experience of his ingrained training allowed him to pull the right handle in the right order to save his life. Sallys experience allowed her to overcome her feelings of inadequacy in order to risk accepting Elizabeth invitation. In addition to Sallys situation she was able to teach the elderly a lesson about the struggles of being an immigrant and single mother. The articles both provide a powerful arguments for the benefit of risk taking. McCormick and Lein chao demonstrates that the motif of risk taking is always present that will have a negative and positive impact in our life. Like Sally situation, most of us will feel discomfort and inadequate in order for something better for ourselves. After all if we dont take risk how will we ever be Manny Pacquiao and be the next millionaire?

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

Industry Overview paper (Automotive)

Industry Overview paper (Automotive) The automotive industry has a long history, with a strong part in the economics of the country. We will discuss a brief history of the automotive industry and give a brief overview. We will also give a Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats, and Trends (SWOTT) analysis of the industry. We will also address the impact of the real Gross Domestic Product (GDP), the unemployment rate, and the inflation rate as measured by the Consumer Price Index (CPI). We will also include and discuss three economic indicators, auto sales, personal income, and Federal Reserve actions.History of the Automotive IndustryThe automotive industry is the area of commerce that plans, designs, manufacturer's, and markets automobile models. The automobile industry is concerned with profits and competition; with consumer demands for styling, safety, and efficiency; and with labor relations and manufacturing efficiency. The first successful self-propelled road vehicle was a steam automobile invented in 1770 by the French engineer Nicolas Joseph Cugnot (1725-1804).Brush Electric BusThe purpose of the self-propelled vehicle was to transport artillery, and the vehicle ran on three wheels. In Great Britain the inventors William Murdock (1754-1839) and James Watt constructed another form of automobile in 1781, and in 1784 Murdock and Watt produced a model of a wagon that used the power of a high-pressure, non-condensing steam engine. The British inventor Richard Trevithick built the first automobile built to carry passengers in 1801. In the U.S., the inventor Oliver Evans (1755-1819) obtained the first patent on a steam carriage in 1789. In 1803, he built a self-propelled steam dredge, regarded as the first self-propelled vehicle to operate over American roads. By, 1830 steam coaches were in regular daily use to transport passengers over English roads. Starting in 1831 restrictive legislation in England forced the steam coaches off the roads, and by...

Monday, March 2, 2020

5 Ways to Trump Your Career

5 Ways to Trump Your Career Love him or hate him, Donald Trump is not going away anytime soon. While there are plenty of â€Å"what NOT to do† tips we can take from his long and controversial career, there’s no disputing the fact that his billions in the bank came from somewhere. And although Trump is a pretty unique phenomenon (no matter what you do to your hair to try to emulate his signature ‘do), there are definitely some takeaways that we can apply to our own careers. 1. Get investors.Trump inherited money from the family real estate business, and used this to get started with his own investment career. Now, most of us don’t have millionaire parents (at least not before this week’s Powerball drawing), so we’re not working with that kind of startup capital. But these days we have a ton of great crowdsourcing tools, if you have a small business or an idea that you want to bring to life. Sites like gofundme.com give you the opportunity to bring investors into your prof essional life.2. Don’t give up.Some choices will just not pan out, whether it’s a job you hate or your Atlantic City casino going belly-up. Trump’s professional entities have gone through a number of bankruptcy proceedings over the years, yet here he still is. The most important idea to take from this is that there’s always another opportunity. Learn from your losses and frustrations, and be ready to leave them behind and try again somewhere else.3. Realize everything comes down to the deals you make.Trump is synonymous with the phrase â€Å"the art of the deal.† It’s debatable whether political deals are exactly the same as business deals, but a philosophy that Trump clearly takes to heart is one that states that you will never get ahead if you don’t negotiate for yourself. That can apply to salary negotiations, working with your boss, or even managing relationships with your colleagues. Always look out for your own best interests.4. Try new things.How many billionaire businessmen can you remember hosting Saturday Night Live? When I was a kid, Donald Trump was THE go-to businessman. In later years, he started to branch out more into the entertainment industry- not the most intuitive path for someone with a Wharton business degree. And after that ran its course (with endless seasons of Apprentices and Celebrity Apprentices running around New York trying to organize soft drink launch parties to curry favor with The Donald), he took another odd turn- this time into politics. Reinventing yourself is necessary to stay out of professional ruts.5. Find talented people around you.The whole premise of The Apprentice was taking a successful person (Trump) and finding new and fresh talent to bring into his professional orbit. It’s a formula that has worked in a number of industries (every Gordon Ramsay cooking show seems to feature a chef-ship in one of his restaurants as a prize), and can work in the real world as well. No one, not even Trump, can manage an empire alone. The key is to find people around you who bring knowledge and skills that you might not have, to make sure you’re performing your best. If you’re a manager, that might mean hiring diverse talent. If you’re not a manager, that might mean bonding with a variety of different coworkers, or finding a diverse range of people to add to your network.If you like what The Donald has to say, you are likely already paging through your copy of The Art of the Deal for the third or fourth time. But even if you can’t imagine yourself ever voting for him on Election Day, it’s not the worst thing to stay open to the idea that there are things he can teach us about our own careers.